Originally written in Hebrew  and Aramaic with its first translation to Greek, the Bible is one of the oldest books in ancient history, written by over 40 authors from more than 40 generations of kings, peasants, philosophers, fishermen, poets, statesmen, scholars, over a 1500 year span (1400 B.C to A.D. 100).

Also called, ‘The Book’ from original Greek and Latin words, the Bible is huge, with a total of 66 books, 39 books in the Old Testament and 29 in the New Testament.  This ‘Book’ has a whooping 1189 chapters, with 929 chapters in the Old Testament and 260 chapters in the New Testament.

Evidently the Bible is an infinitely ‘huge’ and impressive book, it begs the question, ‘what is it really about?’ You will be surprised, its message is as simple as it is amazing.

This is an attempt to put into perspective the message of the Bible, it’s an introduction to those who have yet to take time to read it.

There is something about the Bible, you just have to read it. Cast aside your pride, throw away your doubts, empty yourself of all that holds you back from this book and read it with an open mind.


As we begin, remember to note the following key words: God, the beginning, man, sin, death, the Law, the Old Testament, Jesus Christ {He holds center stage in this discussion}, the New Testament, faith, belief, savior, eternal life.

This Bible analysis is based on the ‘relationship between God and man’ as a reference context.

Organization of the discussion

I have sub-divided this Bible commentary into three major sub-divisions based on three major covenants that God made in His attempt to re-store fellowship with man;

  • The Abrahamic Covenant
  • The Sinaic Covenant
  • The Messianic Covenant

You will meet key Bible characters including Adam and Eve, (the ‘first’ men’), Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph and Moses among many others in the Old Testament as well as Jesus Christ in the New Testament. We will begin from the end…

The Beginning from the End

Revelation to Genesis

The last book of the Bible is Revelation, and the last chapter is Revelation 22.

Revelation 22 has a striking message, it is about the, “Restoration of Eden” this is interesting because the first chapter in Genesis 1, the beginning, introduces us to, The Garden of Eden. You notice therefore that the Bible begins and ends with Eden, this is important, let us understand together, read intently. Revelation 22 is the last book in the Bible, let’s read it.

Here’s an excerpt of Revelation Chapter 22.

Revelations 22: 1-4; “Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb, down the middle of the great street of the city On each side of the river, stood the tree of life, bearing twelve crops of fruit, yielding its fruit every month. And the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations. No longer will there be any curse. The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in the city, and his servants will serve him. They will see his face and his name will be on their foreheads. There will be no more night. They will not need the light of a lamp or the light from the sun, for the Lord God will give them light and they will reign forever and ever.”

In this chapter, a picture of the ‘Restored Eden’ is painted, a peaceful establishment, a Holy Kingdom, where God and people are living together in fellowship, after redemption through the blood of the Lamb. This as indicated, will happen in the end.

But what about the beginning? What happened, why the need for restoration and healing? To understand this, we have to go back to Genesis, The Beginning.

The Beginning.

Genesis 1:1; “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was formless and empty, there was darkness all over and the Spirit of God was moving over the waters.”

It is at this time that creation began.


Light was made, the sky, waters, seas, the land, vegetation, trees and plants, the sun, the moon, and stars, teeming creatures of the seas, birds and beasts of the earth and then, man in that order (Genesis 1: 3-31).

When God was creating, He saw that all His creations were good. This is written in Genesis 1 in the following verses 10b; 12b; 18b; 21c; 25c and 31; “God saw that all He had made (the heavens and the earth), was very good.”

We understand, therefore, that creation as it was, was made to be good. But is that the case? Certainly not, something changed. God’s creation, no longer became good, man became corrupt. Man fell, from God’s presence. Man, sinned.

The Fall of Man

The account of the fall of man is recorded in the third chapter of Genesis. Man was tempted by the devil, to gain knowledge of good and evil, and discover nakedness {read sin}. When he obliged, his eyes were opened {to the knowledge of good and bad}, he realized he was naked and hence the beginning of his travails on earth. The devil at this point in time, succeeded because he lied to man, thus making him, corrupt.

This act of disobedience of God by man and the devil brought about the finality of death. It is important at this point, we relate sin to the death. For it is written, in Romans 6:23; “For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Jesus Christ our Lord”.


Sin, after its conception in the Garden of Eden, still ails humanity till today. The devil continues to tempt man to sin, sexual immorality, murder, jealousy and all sorts of disobedient acts, the very sins that lead to death and destruction.

If man was obedient to God from the beginning, he would have gained eternal life.

Back to Eden, God was saddened by man, and, in Genesis 3: 23; “The Lord God banished man from the Garden of Eden to work the land from which he was taken {punishment}.

The sinful man was hence removed from Eden and left to work on earth.

Throughout the Bible, hundreds of accounts are written of how man continued to proliferate in sin. Cain, to begin with, killed his brother, Abel, an act that was but the beginning of sin, violence, and destruction. Generations after generations from Adam and Eve, man became sinful. Let us note again, that sin is not confined to the texts in the Bible alone, the modern man still sins. After Abels’ death, Seth was born to replace Abel. From Seth, a generation of men in Enosh, Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared, Enoch, Methuselah, and Lamech, led to the birth of a son, Noah {Genesis 5:1-32}.

As is written in Genesis Chapter 6, man grew to become wicked. Here’s the extract:

Genesis 6:5; “The Lord saw how the wickedness of the human race had become on earth and that every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time.”

The Flood: Noah

By the time Noah was born, God had had enough of the wickedness of this world. And in Genesis 6:6; “The Lord regretted that he had made human beings on earth, and his heart was deeply troubled.” Verse 7; “So the Lord said, I will wipe from the face of the earth the human race I have created – and with them the animals, the birds and the creatures that move on the earth – for I regret that I have made them.” But, Noah, found favor in God’s eyes.

Genesis 6: 9; “Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of His time, and he walked faithfully with the Lord.”

Genesis 6: 13; “God said to Noah, “I am going to put an end to all the people, for the earth is filled with violence because of them. I am surely going to destroy both them and the earth… (17c)… Everything on earth will perish. (v18) But, I will establish a covenant with you.” {‘I will spare you’}.

Noah became one of the first people, God started using for His plan of salvation and redemption – saving humanity. God had surely planned to wipe out man, but Noah pleased the Lord. For this first time, therefore, man was pardoned through Noah. Together with two pairs of clean animals of every kind, the family of Noah was going to be saved, to sustain the human race. The flood wiped out every living thing that moved on land (Genesis 8). A fresh start. But was it? Sin, still persisted, somehow.

In Genesis 9 from the verses 18, an account is provided of how Ham saw his father’s nakedness, and did not cover him, but went to tell his brothers Shem and Japheth who did the good act of covering their father. Noah on realizing what his youngest son had done, cursed his next generation, Canaan. Again, therefore, sin still persisted. Noah lived for 350 more years then, died.

From Genesis 10: 1, we are given the generations of the sons of Noah; Shem, Ham and Japheth and their sons. Genesis 10: 32b; “From the clans of Noah’s sons, nations spread out to cover the earth, after the flood.” As these nations rose, sin still persisted as is seen in Genesis 11 in the construction of ‘Tower of Babel’.

You can imagine therefore just how much God’s hands were almost tied on how he would deal with the people he had created. Luckily, again, another faithful man, in its truest of meaning arose in Abraham {for Abraham was the father of faith; He believed the impossible; Genesis 17}

The Abrahamic Covenant: Abraham

It is through the lineage of Shem, that Abraham was born (Genesis 11: 10-26). Abraham was significant, because, through him, the Abrahamic Covenant was established, a very significant covenant, closely tied to the Messianic Covenant. It is from Abraham’s house, that we find David, in whose lineage, Christ was born, God’s ultimate blessing to humanity. Through Abraham, therefore, the nations of the world were blessed by God (Genesis 12:1).

Before David, Isaac and Ismael were born to Abraham. From Ishmael, we find the Islam of today (Genesis 25: 12-18). To Isaac, Jacob and Esau were born. From Jacob, 12 sons, who later became the 12 tribes of Israel (the Israelites), through his wives Leah and Racheal (Genesis 29: 31-35; 30: 1-24). Of these 12 sons (Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, Benjamin, Dan, Naphtali, Gad and Asher), Joseph, stood out for he had big dreams of ruling his brothers, Joseph was the brother of Benjamin, the other son of Rachel (Genesis 35:24). Joseph would later on be sold by his brothers to Egyptians, for they were jealous of him, his dreams, his audacity (Genesis 37: 12-36).

The Sinaic Covenant (The Law): Moses

Egypt was very crucial, for it is in Egypt that Moses was born from the tribe of Levi (Exodus 2: 1-10). Moses was going to lead the Israelites from Egypt for they were being oppressed and enslaved by their Egyptian masters (Exodus 1: 1-22). Moses would similarly be used by God, to establish the Sinaic Covenant, yet another significant covenant.

Why is the Sinaic Covenant important? Because through it, the Law was to be established, to symbolize an attempt by God to control sin. An attempt because God knew that even the law would not succeed in controlling the sinful man.

Galatians 3: 24; “The Law was our guardian until Christ came that we might be justified by faith.”

Well, of course, the Law through the Moses, did not quite succeed, still, these very laws were broken. The Israelites for one, while in the wilderness after being saved from Egypt, rebelled ever so often. At a particular point, the Israelites built a calf idol to worship when Moses their leader had gone to be with God on Mount Sinai, in order to receive the 10 commandments (Exodus 32: 1-35).

When God saw this, just like Moses, he was greatly angered, Moses in his anger crashed the stone tablets where the Ten Commandments had been written. God described them as; “a stiff-necked people” (Exodus 32: 9). It almost felt as if, it was impossible to save man because even laws could not control them.

The Messianic Covenant: Jesus Christ

Because the Sinaic Covenant, based on the law, through Moses could not control man in his sin, another last resolve by God was established, the Messianic Covenant, through Jesus Christ, the Messiah.

This new covenant revealed a new dispensation, the New Testament.  New, because, it was shifting from the Old Testament which was not quite able to save the sinful man. Therefore, in the New Testament, man, would be saved by one Man, the Son of God, through faith. Jesus Christ, in this New Covenant, was going to die for the sins of all of humanity, once and for all.

Therefore, it is not by meeting the requirements of the law that man will be saved, but rather, by believing in the one person chosen by God, to die in their stead.

Ephesians 2: 8-9; “For it is by grace that we are saved, through faith and this is not from ourselves, it is the gift of God, not by works, so no one can boast. We are saved by grace through faith from God.”

It is important again, that we remember, Romans, “For the wages of sin is death…” Man will surely have to die for all his sins, but no more, Jesus will die for them.

Therefore, because of Jesus, man will not have to die for his sins, he will be saved, through his faith, his belief and his trust on his savior. Back to Romans 6:23; again: “… but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord”. Jesus, God’s gift, will bring eternal life and not death.

Galatians 3, gives this discussion on the significance of the Law and of faith in Jesus.

The New Testament: The Good News!

We can now fast forward to the New Testament, which begins with the birth of Jesus, the Son of God. Jesus hails from the lineage of Abraham to David and finally, Joseph, the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ, who is called the Messiah (Matthew 1: 1-17).

Jesus, was God’s final plan of salvation and redemption, He would once and for all, die, to save the sinful world and establish a New Kingdom that will last forever and ever, in the new earth, the new Eden after restoration. Jesus came to save not just the Israelites, but Jews, Gentiles, Samaritans and everybody else who believes {Acts 2: 21}. Each day is a chance to be saved.

We will study Christ and the meaning of what He taught and what He did for us. Christ lived to die on the cross for our sins, we the sinful generation, beyond saving, but certainly not quite, because through Him, through His death in our stead, we will be saved.

{God realized that man could only be saved through the death of a perfect sacrifice, his son.}

Parting Shot:

The truth, therefore, is that God in His love created the world, He created it to be beautiful. He created man so that he would live with him and have fellowship with him. But, the fallen Satan tempted man and made him sinful and corrupt. Man, therefore, had to die for his sins besides the fact that God could no longer live with a corrupted man.

But, because God still longs to live with his creation, He is creating a New Kingdom, of righteous and upright men who will live with him, serve him and worship him in spirit and in truth, only then will he live amongst them as is written in Revelations 22. Do you want to be part of His Kingdom? The loving father is waiting to hear from you. Embark on your journey, make it your daily desire to seek Him, you will find Him.


Dear Lord, please, give me the spirit of wisdom and revelation, so I may understand and know you better.

May the Lord make Himself known to you, in Jesus name, Amen